by Burma to the east & south, Bangladesh to the west along
with the Indian state of Tripura, and the Indian states of
Assam and Manipur to the north, was the former Lushai hills.
It is one of the bio diversity zones which have largely
remained unexplored. Mizoram is known for great scenic
landscape and its hospitable people. With a literacy rate of
88% Mizoram stands second highest in the country.
The state capital
Aizawl is located at an altitude of 4,000 feet above sea
level. Mizoram has a pleasant weather throughout the year as
the Tropic of Cancer passes through the middle of the state.
Summer temperature is 20-30 degree Celsius and winter is 11-21
Mizoram is also
known for its famous bamboo dance called Cheraw. It is the
most popular dance of the Mizos.
After Assam and
Arunachal, Mizoram is the wildlife hotspot in the North East
India with three national parks including a Tiger reserve and
four wildlife sanctuaries. It is one of the last homes of the
Sightseeing in Mizoram:
The scenic Aizwal, having an
altitude of 4000ft. above sea level, is the state capital of
Mizoram. Apart from enjoying the pleasant weather, scenic
beauty and fresh air one can visit Luangmual Handicrafts
Centre to have a firsthand experience of the rich handicrafts
of the Mizos. The local market called the Bara Bazar and the
State Museum are a must visit.
Located 85 km from Aizawl,
Tamdil Lake is a beautiful natural lake. It is in the midst of
untouched good forest cover offering an ideal getaway for the
tourists. One can enjoy boating here in addition to the
breathtaking natural beauty.
With a height of 750 ft
Vantawng Waterfall is the highest waterfall in Mizoram.
Located amidst tropical forests and bamboo groves this fall is
near the beautiful town of Thenzawl and 142 km away from
Champhai is located on the
Indo-Myanmar border at a distance of 192 km from Aizawl. It is
another treat for the nature lovers. The town is fast
developing as a venue for Indo-Myanmar border trade. Champhai
is an important agricultural centre of Mizoram. The
traditional Ruantlang village which is located just 5 km away
from Champhai is the place where one can see the ancestral way
of life of the Mizos.
Phawngpui, literally meaning
the 'Blue Mountains', is the highest peak in Mizoram with an
altitude of 2,165 meters. Located in South Mizoram, 300 km
from Aizawl, it is known to be rich in medicinal herbs.
Besides it is home to a number of birds, wild animals,
beautiful orchids and wild flowers. It is a protected area and
open to nature lovers and can be accessed only by trekking and
Saiha, with its picturesque
landscape, is located 388 km away from Aizawl in South
Mizoram. The fresh waters of Chhimtuipui River are ideal for
angling. The beautiful Palak Lake is located 45 km away from
Dampa Wild Life Sanctuary (ProjectTiger)
Dampa Wild Life Sanctuary which
is a Project Tiger is situated at the western part of Mizoram
along the international border with Bangladesh at a distance
of 127 Km from the capital of Aizawl.
It is situated at 920 13' 12' -
920 27' E and 230 32' 42' - 230 41' 36' N at an altitude of
200m - 2100m above sea level. Dampa consists of moist
deciduous forest at lower reaches and evergreen and
semi-evergreen forests with natural grassland at higher
altitudes. It is the largest sanctuary of Mizoram notified in
1985 covering an area of 500 Sq.km which later became a
Project Tiger in 1994. The list of animals found in the area
includes Tiger, Sloth Bear, Leopard, Elephants, Sambar,
Barking Deer, Hoolock Gibbon, Giant Squirrel, Flying Squirrel,
Wild Dog, Wild Pig, Porcupine, Slow Loris, Gaur, Leaf monkey,
Capped langur, Rhesus macaque, and some species of small cats.
So far 215 birds have been recorded here and an ardent birder
is likely to find more.
Murlen National Park
Murlen National Park is located
in the north east corner of Mizoram bordering Myanmar. It is
245 Km east of Aizawl at 230 32' - 230 42' N and 920 13' - 920
27' E. It is close to Chinhills of Myanmar.
Murlen covers an area of 150
Sq.km and has an altitudinal variation of 400 meters to about
1900 meters above sea level. The Sub tropical, Semi evergreeen
and Sub montane Forests of Murlen are home to a rich variety
of Flora and Fauna. About 15 species of mammals, 150 species
of birds, 35 species of Medicinal plants. 2 species of bamboos
& 4 species of orchids so far have been recorded in this Park.
The list of animals include
Tiger, Leopard, Himalayan Black Bear, Hoolock Gibbon, Sambar,
Barking deer, Wild pig, Gaur, Serow, Goral etc and birds like
Crested Serpent Eagle, Wreathed hornbill, Great Hornbill,
Brown Hornbill, Oriental Pied Hornbill, Mrs.Hume's Pheasant,
Kalij Pheasant,White Crested Laughingthrush, Black-capped
Kingfisher, White-rumped Vulture etc.
Phawngpui National Park
Named after a famous highest
Peak in Mizoram the Blue Mountain called Phawngpui which is
inside the park, this park is located in the south eastern
part of Mizoram adjacent to Myanmar. It covers an area of 50
Sq.Km with a general forest type of Sub-Tropical forest. The
list of Wild animals include Goral, Serow, Barking Deer,
Sambar, Leopard, Hoolock gibbon, Common langur, Rhesus
macaque, Stump tailed macaque and varieties of birds like
Blyth's Tragopan, Kaleej pheasant etc.
Ngengpui Wildlife Sanctuary
Ngengpui Wildlife Sanctuary is
situated in South Western part of Mizoram close to Myanmar and
Bangladesh border. Covering an area of 110 Sq.Km this
sanctuary has an altitudinal variation of 200 meters to about
1200 meters above sea level. The main wildlife of this
sanctuary are Tiger, Clouded leopard, Elephant, Gaur, Barking
deer, Sambar, Wild pig, Hoolock gibbon, Rhesus macaque, Leaf
monkey, Capped langur etc and a host of birds.
Lengteng Wildlife Sanctuary
Lengteng Wildlife Sanctuary is
located in the North Eastern corner of Mizoram. Covering an
area of 80 Sq.Km., Lengteng is close to Murlen National Park.
The main animals found in this sanctuary are Tiger, Leopard,
Sambar, Barking deer, Goral, Serow, Hoolock gibbon, several
species of Monkeys, Wild pig etc and birds like Mrs.Hume's
pheasant, Kaleej pheasant etc.
This sanctuary is located at
the central part of Mizoram about 150 Km from Aizawl, the
state capital. It is the smallest wildlife sanctuary of the
state covering an area of 35 Sq.km. The main animals found in
this sanctuary are Tiger, Leopard, Barking deer, Sambar, Sloth
bear, Hoolock gibbon, Wild pig, Serow etc.
Tawi Wildlife Sanctuary
Tawi Wildlife Sanctuary is
located 101 Km from Aizawl in the central part of Mizoram. It
covers an area of 50 Sq.km consisting of Sub-tropical and
Semi-Evergreen forests. Tiger, Leopard, Barking deer, Sambar,
Hoolock gibbon, several species of Monkeys, Wild pig etc and
varieties of birds are found in the sanctuary.
The Thorangtlang Wildlife
Sanctuary is situated approximately 240 km from Aizawl via
Thenzawl village in the Western Part of Mizoram and is
adjacent Dampa. The Sanctuary covering an area of 50 sq.km
acts as a corridor for elephants which migrate from
Bangladesh. Important animals found in this Sanctuary are
Tiger, Leopard, Hoolock gibbon, Leaf Monkey, Sambar, Barking
Deer etc, and a host of Birds.
With effect from 1st January 2011 Protected Area Permit (PAP)
required for foreign nationals has been withdrawn from
the North - East Indian States of Mizoram, Manipur and
Nagaland for a year. However, the tourists have to register
themselves with the Foreigner's Registration Officer of the
district they travel within 24 Hours of their arrival.