Nagaland, the sixteenth state of the Indian Union has sixteen
colourful tribes inhabiting the state. The landscape of
Nagaland consists of blue hills, green valleys, meandering
streams, rivers flowing through mountains & deep gorges.
It is the capital
of Nagaland. At an altitude of 1444.12 mtr., Kohima is a
beautiful town with Panoramic views. The following are the
places worth visiting in & around Kohima.
War Cemetery :-
The serene & spotlessly clean Kohima war cemetery was
constructed in memory of those who laid down their lives
during the 2nd World War. There are beautiful epitaphs
engraved in bronze on each grave.
getting an idea of the different tribes living in the state,
the State Museum is a must see. It possesses a rare collection
of artifacts of the different tribes inhabiting the state.
Government Sales Emporium :
in the heart of Kohima town, it has a collection of colourful
Naga handloom & handicraft items.
important landmark of Kohima, the catholic cathedral at
Aradurah hill is one of the largest in India of its kind. A
blend of the indigenous & modern architecture, the Cathedral
has a quiet and serene ambience.
one of the biggest villages in Asia. There is a ceremonial
gateway carved with defensive motifs of warriors and guns &
the Indian bison, the symbol of prosperity. A little up, to
the side of the road, still stands the old gate in its own
Village - NagalandKhonoma :
20km. west of Kohima, this village is well known for its
fighting Prowess in the past. The ancient bastion, the highest
point in the village, could be approached through a
traditional carved gate. Here in 1879, the Naga warriors made
their last resistance against the British.
beautiful terraces carved out of the hill slopes grow over 20
types of paddy at different elevations.
more noteworthy about this village is the ecological
consciousness of its people. The ‘Khonoma Nature Conservation
& Tragopan Sanctuary’ (KNCTS), covering an area of over 70 sq.
km., which is owned & managed by the Khonoma Village Community
was set up in 1998. This Sanctuary conserves the Blyth’s
Tragopan, an endangered pheasant of Nagaland and also many
other endangered & rare species of plants and animals.
away at an altitude of 2438.4 behind Japfu ranges, this valley
of eternal charm about 30 km. south of Kohima, is a trekker’s
delight. White & Pink lilies along with hundreds of other
species of flowers and plants adorn the valley in monsoon. The
predominant plant of Dzukou is the tough bamboo brush. Apart
from these, rhododendrons in different colours bloom in the
hills surrounding the valley.
15 km. south of Kohima & standing 3048 mtr. above sea level,
Japfu is the second highest peak in Nagaland. From here, one
can have a bird’s eye view of the surrounding hills including
parts of Dzukou Valley. The Guiness Book of World Records
holder, the tallest rhododendron tree can be found in the
Japfu ranges. This tree is over 130 ft. tall and the girth at
the base measures more than 11 ft. It takes more than five
hrs. of strenuous trekking through steep inclines to have a
view of this famous rhododendron.
Located 162 km.
from Kohima with an altitude of 1325 mtr. Mokokchung is the
capital of the traditions & culture of the Ao tribe of the
Nagas. The two main festivals celebrated here are connected
with cultivation. ‘Moatsu’, related to sowing, is celebrated
in early May, & ‘Tsungrem Mong’, the harvesting festival is
celebrated in the month of August.
The warrior dress
of this tribe consists of the beautiful black & red hand woven
shawl with its white decorated band which signifies the
prowess over their enemies.
Located 80 km.from
Kohima, this Picturesque district is the home of the Lotha
tribe of the Nagas. The colourful dances & folk songs of the
Lothas are well known. The main festivals of the Lothas are
‘Tokhu Emong’ & ‘ Pikhuchak’. “ Opvuram” is the prestigious
social shawl for women & ‘Longpensu’ for men. Wokha is also
famous for the best varieties of oranges & pineapples.
134 km. from
Kohima, this is the home of the Chakhesang, which is a
combination of three tribes (‘Cha’ of Chekru, ‘Khe’ of Khezhe
& ‘Sang’, of Sangtam). They differ in their custom & culture
from other Nagas. Their principal festival ‘ Tsukhenyie’ is
celebrated during March-April. Phek is also famous for orchids
& the rare tragopan.
150 km. from
Kohima, Zunheboto, is the home of the Semas, the martial race
among the Nagas. The Semas are renowned for their colourful
war dance & folk songs and their ceremonial war dresses.
‘Tuluni’ celebrated in the second week of July, is an
important festival of the Semas.
Mon is the
district headquarter of Mon district.It is the home of the
Konyak tribe located 275 km from Kohima via Mokokchung.The
Konyaks are known for their skilled craftsmanship in the form
of woodcarvings, making of headbrushes, headgears, necklaces,
machetes, guns, gunpowder etc. The ‘Aoling’ festival is the
most colourful festival of the Konyaks and it is celebrated in
the first week of April.
Longleng is the
district headquarter of Longleng district of Nagaland. It is
the home of the Phom tribe.
Tuensang is the
district headquarter of Tuensang district, located about 269
km from Kohima via Wokha and Mokokchung and 235 km via
Zunheboto. It is the home of six different tribes of Nagaland
namely the Changs, Yimchungers, Khiamniungans, Sangtams, Phoms
and Semas.This diversity in tribes has brought in richness to
cultural heritage and colourful traditional dresses to this
part of Nagaland.
Touphema is located about 41 km from Kohima. This is a village
of the Angami tribe. The village community has developed this
village as a tourist village which is maintained by them. The
festival of purification of the Angami tribe ‘Sekrenyi’, is
celebrated annually in this village from 25 to 27 of February.
With effect from 1st January 2011 Protected Area Permit (PAP)
required for foreign nationals has been withdrawn from
the North - East Indian States of Nagaland, Mizoram and
Manipur and for a year. However, the tourists have to
register themselves with the Foreigner's Registration Officer
of the district they travel within 24 Hours of their arrival.